Our next Catriona Shearer puzzle.
Spike in the Hive
Continue reading “Spike in the Hive”
That proof can also be done sort of backwards and is arguably easier that way. Instead of using three triangles of known dimensions and proving they can be assembled into a rectangle, start with the rectangle and find the dimensions of the triangles.
Angles and are congruent (alternate interior angles). So are and since both are complementary with . So triangles and are similar; the hypotenuses are in the ratio , so the vertical leg and the horizontal leg . Likewise we find (as it should be) and . But then implies or, multiplying though by , .
(Right away you know this proof fails in non Euclidean geometry, because in the first steps it relies on there being one and only one line parallel to through .)